Yuri Pimenov. Expectation. 1959. The State Tretyakov Gallery
The three museums: the Museum of Moscow's State Tretyakov Gallery and the State Museum of Fine Arts. Pushkin - open this winter exhibition of the most energetic of the Soviet era. Fine arts, architecture, science, poetry, cinema, fashion - all aspects of Khrushchev's lifetime will be presented in the exhibition. And in the exhibition marathon will attend about 30 institutions, and it is unprecedented in our museum practice.
The first exhibition - "Moscow thaw: 1953-1968" at the Museum of Moscow - was launched in December. Chronologically, it counts the time since the death of Joseph Stalin and the first steps to a warming of the political climate in the Soviet Union, which began even before the famous XX Party Congress in 1956, where the general secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Nikita Khrushchev first denounced the cult of personality. One of the main tasks of the curatorial group (it included Eugene Kikodze, Sergey Nevsky, Olga Rosenblum, Alexander Selivanov and Maxim Semenov) would dive into the atmosphere of the time. The exhibition is arranged like a labyrinth, it exhibits - and their exhibition of nearly 600, - if the peaceful atom, are combined into one molecule of the exposition. Each section visualizes structural vectors age: mobility, transparency, grille, capsule, organic - common rhythms invisible waves combine things from completely different areas of life. Clocks, porcelain, sculpture, clothing, pictures, paintings, posters, and architectural models are included in the free exhibition improvisation, a pulsating rhythm in jazz.
Bright stylish dresses emotionally close abstraction Leo Kropivnitskogo "sad irresponsibility." Spiral contemporary sculpture Nikolay Silis rhyme with a model of the monument to the first artificial Earth satellite. Portrait of a nuclear physicist Lev Landau Vladimir Lemport does not contradict the wedding mini dress from the then fashionable synthetics. A picture of slender rows of five-storey Khrushchev rhythmically coincide with the geometric abstraction on fabrics factory Pilot bureau "red rose." Their author Anna Andreeva was obviously familiar with the works of Russian avant-garde artists like: its fabric with geometric pattern reminiscent of the 1920 samples Varvara Stepanova.
The word "experimental" label found on the show frequently. The very thaw experiment was fantastic in all areas of life. The close alliance of physicists and poets made possible the most daring experiments, and because the art at the time such pseudo-scientific and scientific achievements - so beautiful.
Experimental electronic music studio at the firm "Melody" has developed the first ANS synthesizer, the exhibition presents his photographs. Photoelectric optical synthesizer was elegant, like a piano, and at the same time remained a model of the latest technologies. In 1960-1970-ies it wrote musical tracks to films on the space theme, including "Solaris" by Andrei Tarkovsky. A first Soviet electronic computer UM-1 HX released Leningrad electromechanical plant, recalls the Swiss Jean Tinguely sculpture. At the same time painting a circle of artists of the magazine "Knowledge - force" Hulot Sooster and Yuri Sobolev - a scientific treatises, clothed in artistic form.
Thaw - this new organization of life. For the first time avant-garde artists are engaged in the professional development of residential spaces. In 1960, everywhere: in movies, exhibitions, magazines - there are examples of new interiors. In the Soviet Union developed the design. Armchair, coffee table, floor lamp become indispensable triad of new intellectual life. Watch "Dawn" at the exhibition - a sample of high style, created by Soviet designers. Already in the 1950s, in the diplomas of students of the Architectural Institute develops new stylish interiors, industrial and residential, the main trends coincide with the global trends.
In the 1960s, it flourished, and the second Russian avant-garde, inspired several exhibitions of Western art in Moscow. Soviet modernism initially was imitative, yet raised in the original phenomenon. Early works by Yuri Sobolev, in the future, the main artist of the magazine "Knowledge - force", in the early 1960s, more reminiscent of the late Pablo Picasso, and the first abstraction Vladimir Nemukhin - drippingovye Suites Jackson Pollock.
Vladimir Gavrilov. A cafe. Autumn day. 1962 The State Tretyakov Gallery
The sixties can not be imagined without space theme. Yuri Gagarin Cult and enthusiasm for the first spaceflight joined millions of people, which is reflected in popular culture. Hosts were limited by several important artifacts. Sweets "Moon", "Belka and Strelka", models of monuments, issue of the newspaper "Izvestia" with the title "It is finished!" And a few rare photos give a vivid impression of the start time of the conquest of space.
February 16 the exhibition takes the baton Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val. There will be opened the exhibition "The Thaw" supervised by Cyril Svetlyakova, Julia and Anastasia Vorotyntseva Kurlyandtsevoy where epoch appear not only as a period of total optimism, but also in all its contradiction. It will show paintings flagships time: Erik Bulatov, Anatoly Zverev, Helium Korzheva, Ernst Unknown, Tahir Salahov. An interesting comparison of the two will be areas of the Soviet abstraction: Yuri Zlotnikov scientific and lyrical Belutin Eliya. Next to the work of professionals can be seen artistic experiments Atomic physicists have become key figures in the era. Among the amateur artists turned academician Dmitry Blokhintsev, director of the Joint Institute for Nuclear researchers in Dubna.
Another hit of the exhibition are sketches of the interiors of the Soviet spacecraft designer Galina Balashova, until recently classified. In the works of the painter and sculptor Nicholas Vechtomova Vadim Sidur touched a painful subject of war injuries. The fragments landmark for 1960 films will be raised questions about the relationship between private and public, the formation of a new elite and the changing notion of philistinism.
The exhibition in the Tretyakov Gallery will accompany the lecture series "Pushing the Limits. Art after World War II. Europe and the Soviet Union. " Prepared in the museum and festival called "Mayakovsky Square" with performances was located there in 1960-1970-ies the theater "Contemporary", and the film festival "The war is over."
Finally, in March, will present his version of the thaw of the Pushkin Museum. The exhibition "Facing the future. European Art 1945-1968 "will bring together 200 works of different artists from 18 European countries. In the framework of the six round tables will be held with the participation of foreign experts.
But that's not all. In February, it planned to hold a party at a skating rink in Gorky Park, where everyone is welcome. The only condition: it is necessary to dress in the style of the 1960s. In April, the Museum of Gorky Park will open the exhibition of household items, clothing, accessories and sports equipment. In May, the festival will join the cinema "Pioneer", where films will be screened, as well as lectures on fashion and meeting with the park staff who worked there in the 1960s. And finish the whole cascade of events thaw in June with a grand concert in Gorky Park with the hits of the 1960s and with the participation of the theater "Contemporary" actors.
Moscow City Museum
Moscow thaw: 1953-1968
until March 31,
State Tretyakov Gallery
February 16 - 11 June
State Museum of Fine Arts. AS Pushkin
Facing the future. Art in Europe 1945-1968
7 March to 21 May